Like e-mail and voice mail, and unlike calls (in which the caller hopes to speak directly with the recipient), texting does not require the caller and recipient to both be free at the same moment; this permits communication even between busy individuals.
Text messages can also be used to interact with automated systems, for example, to order products or services from e-commerce websites, or to participate in online contests.
Sprint Telecommunications Venture, a partnership of Sprint Corp. made the initial phone-call to launch the network, calling Mayor Kurt Schmoke in Baltimore.
and three large cable-TV companies, owned 49 percent of APC. One factor in the slow take-up of SMS was that operators were slow to set up charging systems, especially for prepaid subscribers, and to eliminate billing fraud, which was possible by changing SMSC settings on individual handsets to use the SMSCs of other operators.
This was part of ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) and since GSM is based on this, made its way to the mobile phone.Radiolinja became the first network to offer a commercial person-to-person SMS text messaging service in 1994.When Radiolinja's domestic competitor, Telecom Finland (now part of Telia Sonera) also launched SMS text messaging in 1995 and the two networks offered cross-network SMS functionality, Finland became the first nation where SMS text messaging was offered on a competitive as well as on a commercial basis.Texting is also used to communicate very brief messages, such as informing someone that you will be late or reminding a friend or colleague about a meeting.As with e-mail, informality and brevity have become an accepted part of text messaging.E-mail messaging from phones, as popularized by NTT Docomo's i-mode and the RIM Black Berry, also typically use standard mail protocols such as SMTP over TCP/IP.