About 200 BC, the Celtic Boii tribe founded the first significant settlement, a fortified town known as an oppidum.They also established a mint, producing silver coins known as biatecs.The dominant Hungarian and German population tried to prevent annexation of the city to Czechoslovakia and declared it a free city.However, the Czechoslovak Legions occupied the city on January 1, 1919, and made it part of Czechoslovakia. Clockwise from top left: View of Bratislava from the castle, St.
Bratislava is the political, cultural and economic centre of Slovakia.
It was granted its first known "town privileges" in 1291 by the Hungarian King Andrew III, Owing to Ottoman advances into Hungarian territory, the city was designated the new capital of Hungary in 1536, becoming part of the Austrian Habsburg monarchy and marking the beginning of a new era.
The city became a coronation town and the seat of kings, archbishops (1543), the nobility and all major organisations and offices.
Bratislava is in southwestern Slovakia, occupying both banks of the River Danube and the left bank of the River Morava.
Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two sovereign states.
Before World War I, the city had a population that was 42% ethnic German, 41% Hungarian and 15% Slovak (1910 census).