It was through the good offices of a sword-swallower that the Scotch physician, Dr.
Edward Stevens, was enabled to make his experiments on digestion in 1777. 1777 Stevens graduated with his MD at the University of Edinburgh with his thesis paper in Latin "Dissertatio inauguralis de alimentorum concoctione" (1777). Stevens had a sword swallower swallow small metallic tubes pierced with holes.
According to the 1981 Census, their population was 141,374.
They call themselves Pandava Doras or Pandava Rajas.
At Edinburgh he was awarded the Harveian prize for an experimental inquiry on the red color of the blood. Croix about 1783 and practiced medicine there for ten years. where he received public support from Alexander Hamilton and became embroiled in a controversy with Benjamin Rush over methods of treating yellow fever in the great epidemic of that year.
On 18 April 1794 he was admitted to the American Philosophical Society, and the following year he was appointed professor of the practice of medicine in Kings College (later Columbia University). He undoubtedly was familiar with Stevens work; indeed, his experiments with bullfrogs and small frogs are reminiscent of Stevens observations of partially digested small fish inside larger ones.
The Konda-Dora are distributed in the Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Srikakulam and East Godavari districts.This type of performance art was "street theater" and the performers traveled throughout Japan.Sangaku, like other forms of drama popular in Japan prior to the 11th century, traced its origins to southern China and India.In the Middle Ages, sword swallowers, like magicians, jugglers and other entertainers, were often condemed and persecuted by the Catholic Church.Still, in most places they were popular by the common folk, and the tradition of the wandering entertainer remained strong.The Konda-Dora language, which is also known as Kubi, is closely related to the Kui language of the Khond, and has borrowed vocabulary from Oriya and Telugu.