It is classified as a Highly Urbanized City Muntinlupa was once notoriously known as the location of the national insular penitentiary, the New Bilibid Prison, where the country's most dangerous criminals were incarcerated.
Consequently, Muntinlupa or "Munti" became synonymous with the national penitentiary although it has largely shaken-off this negative image to become one of the most progressive cities in the country.
Almost all files, important documents and other references of Muntinlupa were burned.
Muntinlupa City is governed primarily by the city mayor, the vice-mayor and the city councilors.
Following the EDSA Revolution in February that year, President Corazon C. In the ratification of the 1986 Constitution, Muntinlupa together with Las Piñas formed one political district. 14401 converting the Municipality of Muntinlupa into a highly urbanized city was approved by the House of Representatives.
Then on March 1, Muntinlupa becomes the 65th city in the Philippines as signed into law by President Fidel V.
The lands were transferred to the state and large individual landholders.
In an effort by the Spanish Government to bring under closer administrative control the people living in the contiguous sitios, as well as those in Alabang, Tunasan, Sucat and Cupang, the municipality was created upon the recommendation of a government official, Professor de Medicina and a prominent Castillan, Don Eduardo de Canizares.
Muntinlupa residents protested this Executive Act, and through their town head, Marcelo Fresnedi, filed a formal petition to the Governor for the return of the municipality to the province of Rizal.Some of the country's premier shopping centers, including the Alabang Town Center and the Festival Supermall, the towering Insular Life Towers, the Asian Hospital and Medical Center, and the Northgate Business District, which specializes in hosting information and technology industries, are important places of interest and landmarks of the city.Nightlife is still relatively staid compared to those of its neighbors, and younger residents often flock to other cities in Metro Manila, particularly Makati, Taguig, or Manila, during the weekend to enjoy the night out.The development of two large scale commercial real estate projects namely; the Filinvest Corporate City and Ayala Land's Madrigal Business Park, changed the landscape of Muntinlupa City from what was once vast fields of cow pasture in the late 1980s, into a supercity that houses new residential, business, industrial and commercial establishments.It was a transformation reminiscent of Makati City's development boom some 30 years prior.The mayor acts as the chief executive of the city while the city councilors acts as its legislative body.